This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the 20th century before The United States military begins issuing blue dischargesa form of Military discharge that was neither honorable nor dishonorable. During World War II the blue discharge became the discharge of choice for commanders seeking to remove homosexuals from the ranks.
Historians have recently turned their focus to the effects of the First World War on sexual behavior and perceptions of sexual norms and identities. As historian Dagmar Herzog observed, the First World War disrupted traditional social structures and created an environment in which men and women could explore new sexual experiences made possible by mass mobilization and separation from the restrictions imposed by traditional institutions. The goal of this article is to provide an overview of both how authorities tried to control sexuality, and how men and women negotiated or responded to these controls.
Enslin is drummed out of the Continental Army after being found guilty of sodomy. A revision of the Articles of War ofthe new regulations detail statutes governing U. Franklin Roosevelt as Assistant Secretary of the Navy at his desk in
The centenary has also offered an opportunity for the less well-known figures of the war to be discussed, including women, black and minority ethnic people and homosexuals, many of whom faced discrimination despite serving their country. Sexual acts between men often resulted in corporal punishment or imprisonment, and thus accounts of gay servicemen from this time are rare. Nevertheless, the impact that they had on changing social attitudes was immense.
This article highlights the stories of four men and women who identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. She decided at an early age that she wanted to become a composer and struggled for many years to get her parent's consent. In Ethel arrived in Leipzig to study music, an exceptional achievement in that era for a girl of
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Throughout its history, the US Military had an inconsistent policy when it came to gay people in the military. During World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, the military defined homosexuality as a mental defect and officially barred homosexuals from serving based on medical criteria. However, when personnel needs increased due to combat, the military developed a habit of relaxing its screening criteria.
The sergeant and I stared at each other for a moment as the office door shut. Only seconds earlier, we both stood silent, hands clasped behind our backs respectfully, as a noncommissioned officer stood inches from my face and threatened to end my career. As we left the office, the sergeant searched for something consolatory to say.
The stereotypical image of war is of societies reduced to their binary extremes — men as virile, handsome, masculine fighters and women as their doting, dutiful waiting wives. Trans rights also became something to fight for, at least for one early pioneer, the German-Jewish sexologist and doctor Magnus Hirschfeld. Unseen he observed that they were standing around a young private